Volume 15 (2020) - Gender Sex Identity

Issue 1+2, October 2020, 160 pages

of the journal Hypnose – Zeitschrift für Hypnose und Hypnotherapie (Hypnose-ZHH)

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Dirk Revenstorf

Quo vadis man?

Hypnose-ZHH 2020,15(1+2), 7-26

Manhood must be seen in relation to woman. While it was justified to define feminism to certain extent as a response to patriarchy, manhood should be more than being defined as a response to the empowerment of women. The question is rather: what is the essence of being a man. You cannot overlook the fact that the traditional role of men was toxic to men and women as well. Likewise, it has to be acknowledged, that women in certain ways are superior to men. Women not only take hold of almost any profession formerly considered as a masculine domain. In addition, they are sexually more potent than man, give birth to children and can feed them. What then is the role of man, if he apparently is almost dispensable? In which way may man and woman meet in mutual appreciation and abundance. 

Keywords: manhood, gender, sexuality, feminism

Imke Schmincke 

Gender, body and identity between nature and culture: perspectives of (sociological) gender studies 

Hypnose-ZHH 2020,15(1+2), 27-38

Gender and the body are deeply intertwined. Yet it would be wrong to consider them as purely natural facts. They present at the same time social facts. The text shall reveal the social dimension of gender by referring to results from gender studies. Historical approaches have shown that the naturalization of gender differences took place with the beginning of modernity when women became the gendered and embodied ‘other’. Sociological and cultural approaches emphasize the way, in which gender is performed in interaction and is structured by dis- courses. Nature is thus revealed as a cultural construction. Finally the significance of discourses on gender and sexual diversity are discussed and how right wing movements mobilise against them. 

Keywords: Gender, sex, body, history of science, doing gender, diversity


Rosemarie Piontek

Gender – a central factor in the psychotherapeutic process 

Hypnose-ZHH 2020,15(1+2), 39-58

The impact of gender role stereotypes (GRS) in the psychotherapeutic process is increasingly given importance by researchers and clinicians. This is not about cementing traditional GRS, but about deconstructing constricting female, as well as male, stereotypes and developing individual „queer“ personalities with the aim of promoting mental health. However, in a multifactorial model, the acquired traditional GRS represent the important factor of ego net- works. Therefore, gender competence, knowledge about effects of GRS on mental health or illness, and explicit use of gender as an analysis category also play an important role in psychotherapy. Against the background of hypotheses about the cognitive-emotional schemata for „coping with being a man or a woman“, an in-depth therapeutic view can emerge, for example, regarding the patient’s medical history, diagnosis, and therapeutic process. Gender role analysis is presented as an example of possible entry via the GRS. Because the therapeutic relationship is a central factor in the psychotherapeutic process, I would like to highlight this factor and use the abuse of this relationship as an example. In Germany, up to 600 people suffer sexual assaults in psychotherapy every year, 90 % to 95 % of whom are women. What could this mean for the therapeutic relationship in hypnotherapy? Some related facts and hypotheses are presented here with the aim of raising awareness and promoting prevention. 

Keywords: Gender, role, mental health, therapeutic relationship, sexual abuse


Silke Birgitta Gahleitner, Leonore Lerch and Marilena de Andrade

Trauma and gender – a relationship with many perspectives 

Hypnose-ZHH 2020,15(1+2), 59-78

The question of gender permeates our entire biography. Nevertheless, it remains fluid and changeable into old age and can neither be understood as something definite and unambiguous nor separated from other complex socio-psychic dominance relationships in the inter- sectional fabric. Dealing with gender identity and the power relations surrounding it is there- fore an important mediator in the treatment of profound issues such as complex traumata. Processes involving inequality and discrimination are by no means found only outside the psychotherapeutic space. However, this factor has only been given greater consideration in re- search and specialist literature in recent years. The article discusses a qualitative theory- building study on the topic of gender and trauma and deliberates the central results in the con- text of the current state of research and theory, concluding with a number of practical suggestions. 

Keywords: trauma management, gender, psychotherapy, gender sensitivity, diversity, intersectionality


Hannes Gieseler und Hannes Ulrich 

Prevention project Dunkelfeld (dark field) 

Hypnose-ZHH 2020,15(1+2), 79-88

The effort to prevent sexual child abuse is primary addressed to potential victims and their environment. The prevention network “Kein Täter werden” offers at all of their locations the possibility to prevent child abuse and the consumption of child abuse material by offering a preventive therapy which involves the potential or legally undetected child abuser. 

Keywords: pedophilia, child sexual abuse, preventive therapy


Maria Hagl

Efficacy and effectiveness research in the field of clinical hypnosis in 2019 

Hypnose-ZHH 2020,15(1+2), 89-108

An annual literature search that is funded by the Milton Erickson Society of Clinical Hypnosis in Germany (M.E.G.) resulted in 13 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that eva- luated clinical hypnosis in comparison to a control group and were newly published in 2019. Also, several meta-analyses that included primary studies with hypnosis as intervention were identified. In general, few RCTs target mental disorders; in 2019, only one was found. Altoge- ther, there is a lack of studies regarding most indications. Hence, meta-analyses often include relatively different studies, a fact that may result in heterogeneity of overall effect sizes, which makes interpretation of findings and clinical decision-making difficult. Most RCTs that are published target somatic complaints, e. g., functional disorders and/or chronic pain, or hypno- sis was used as adjunct to standard care in medical procedures. The newly registered RCTs in an international trial register show that this trend can be expected to continue over the coming years. In the aftermath of the pandemic in 2020, future research might focus some more on the possibility of delivering hypnotherapy as online treatment, an option that was scarcely evalua- ted so far. 

Keywords: Hypnosis, hypnotherapy, efficacy, effectiveness, psychotherapy research, rando- mized controlled trials, RCT, meta-analysis, review


Michael Teut

„Let the vastness flow into the body“
Complementary hypnotherapy of a patient with paralysis (tetraparesis) after sepsis and spinal abscess. A case report 

Hypnose-ZHH 2020,15(1+2), 109-123

The supportive hypnotherapeutic treatment (22 sessions in 18 months) of a 67-year-old patient who developed a paralysis of the upper and lower extremities after a staphylococcal sepsis and a spinal abscess is presented and discussed. From the patient's point of view, the most helpful hypnosis and the one most often practiced at home (assisted by audiorecording) was the "Red Balloon" technique for resolving restlessness, anxiety and discomfort. The patient also found the experience of trance itself particularly beneficial. The most important therapeutic strategy from the author's point of view was hypnotherapeutic mental training, in which resources were activated, anchored and integrated into the motor training process by recalling old movement experiences. From the author's experience, hypnotherapeutic support in neurological rehabilitation is a useful and effective therapeutic approach that deserves further scientific investigation. 

Keywords: hypnotherapy, neurological rehabilitation, paralysis, tetraparesis, mental training, motor imagination, red balloon technique, active alert hypnosis


Björn Husmann

Research on the curriculum vitae of Dr. Wolfgang Luthe – a contribution to the history of autogenic training 

Hypnose-ZHH 2020,15(1+2), 127-139

On the occasion of its 100th anniversary, this article is about the history of Autogenic Training (AT). The focus is on Dr. med. Wolfgang Luthe (1922-1985), who was one of the main protagonists in the dissemination of AT in Canada, the USA, Great Britain and Japan from the early 1960s onwards. Later he added to the standard exercises of AT (based on Schultz) by introducing psychotherapeutically oriented concepts such as 'autogenic abreaction' and 'auto- genic neutralisation'. Despite his prominence in the field, little is known about Luthe's personal history, especially regarding his time in Germany before he emigrated to Canada. This was motivation for an orienting archive and literature research, the results will be presented in the following. Starting with basic biographical data, Luthe's participation in World War II (e.g. membership in the NSDAP, wounds as a soldier in the so-called ‚Kesselschlacht von Demjansk‘) will be outlined, as well as his medical studies during and after the Nazi era and his denazification process. The post-war period will be also discussed, particularly regarding Luthe's cooperation with J. H. Schultz, his academic career from the 1960s onwards and his conceptual contributions to the AT. 

Keywords: Wolfgang Luthe, biography, NS period, World War II, post-war period, history of autogenic training, autogenic abreaction, autogenic neutralization